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Why are dentures used?

Why are dentures used?

In spite of widespread prevention measures, tooth removal in modern dental practice remains very common.

If the orthopedic treatment is not performed for a long time after a tooth extraction, it can bring about negative consequences. If there is periodontal disease, abnormal mobility and displacement of teeth (in the picture marked with the figure 3) develop very rapidly. Because of these processes, the periodontal pockets are formed (figure 5). Changing in the position of the teeth impedes hygienic measures, contributes into accumulation of plaque and caries progress. After the loss of a tooth, its antagonist (the tooth on the opposing jaw, figure 1) moves forward preventing the normal slip of the teeth when munching and causing disturbances in the temporomandibular joint. In case of absence of a large number of teeth, disease of the gastrointestinal tract can develop.

The tooth extraction without subsequent treatment results in the teeth displacement very rapidly. It happens especially often in case of progressive forms of adolescents’ and adults’ periodontitis. Displacement of teeth and contact points between them contributes to the delay of food remains in the formed niches, which could lead to the emergence of approximal caries (figure 4) and overload of the adjacent teeth (figure 6). The lengthen tooth (figure 1), protruding over the occlusal surface, can disrupt the normal teeth slip and physiologic motions of the lower jaw. Displacement of the side teeth inevitably leads to super contacts, which are considered to be an etiological factor of bruxism and mioartropathy.

Sometimes the function of chewing goes wrong in case of violation of the dentition integrity. Some patients obtain the habit of "gentle" chewing on some group of teeth. Tartar often forms on the chewing surfaces of teeth, lacking antagonists. That increases the risk of caries.

Pathologic Teeth Position

  • Protruding of the tooth-antagonist
  • The bone atrophy
  • The displacement of adjacent teeth
  • The emergence of approximal caries
  • The appearance of the periodontal pocket
  • The expansion of periodontal ligament because of the tooth overloading.

The right positioning of the teeth:

From the aforesaid, of course, it is concluded that a tooth loss has a number of adverse effects. Therefore, dentures are required in most cases. The most common modern prosthetics in the dental clinic Denta Vita is prosthesis with implants. Implants are used because when we replace a lost tooth, we do not hurt the neighboring teeth and restore the tooth-jaw apparatus using "humanitarian" up-to-date ways.